FUE and FUT procedures are currently the most popular techniques in hair transplantation . The extraction, preservation, and implantation of the donor hair follicles. Are the three stages that make up a hair transplantation procedure. Regardless of the technique used.
The transplantation of follicles into the balding scalp is performed in a practically identical manner. The surgeon creates little recipient canals on the bald parts of the scalp. Later uses specialized angled tweezers to put the transplants into those channels. On the other hand, the process of extracting and removing the hair follicles is carried out very differently in each of the techniques in hair transplantation.
Common Techniques in Hair Transplantation
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
The Japanese physician Tamura developed the FUT procedure around the turn of the 20th century. This is one of the excellent techniques in hair transplantation. Experts call this technique the “strip technique” since they remove a hairy scalp strip from the donor location, often behind the head.
After this, the strip is separated and processed into single follicular units. These are then put into the recipient pores in the area that is balding. In most instances, the skin strip is removed from the occipitoparietal region (between the auricles). After that, the incision is either stapled closed or sutured. The stretched strip of skin might be as comprehensive as 1 centimeter and as long as 20 centimeters.
- Large graft volume: Compared with the FUE technique, the FUT procedure allows for acquiring a higher graft volume in a shorter time. Because of this, the operation is especially well-suited for individuals experiencing significant hair loss, specifically in the tonsure region. It is not necessary to shave the head of the patient, in contrast to the FUE process, which requires the head to be shaved entirely bald.
- Greater rate of growth: In comparison to the FUE technique, the growth pace of the implanted hair follicles is often more significant after the FUT treatment.
- Scarring: The degree to which the scar is visible is determined by the wound margins, how the wound is closed, and the length of the skin strip. However, in most instances, the surrounding hair will hide the scar. As a result, the physician treating the patient should perform their duties with caution and integrity. Shock loss is the term used to describe the possibility of tissue trauma and the subsequent loss of hair all around the donor site.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) Most innovative Techniques in Hair Transplantation
In these techniques in hair transplantation. Natural hair groups are removed from the donor region with the help of a small hollow needle and then implanted at the intended site using the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique, which is a minimally invasive hair restoration technique.
First, the needle is positioned above the natural hair cluster in the same direction that the hair is growing, and then it is moved in a circular motion to expose the hair cluster. After that, the hair cluster is detached using fine tweezers and placed in a cooled and sterile solution till it is ready to be inserted.
A few days following the operation, the minor incisions caused by the removal would heal with very little or no scarring. The FUE technique is particularly well-suited for treating more minor conditions, such as the restoration of a thinning hairline or the transplantation of a beard.
- Tissue-friendly: Compared to the FUT procedure, the danger of shock loss is significantly reduced since the hair groups’ extraction is more tissue-friendly.
- Micro injuries in the removal region heal without noticeable scars since they are so small.
- Harvesting a precise number of grafts: In contrast to the FUT procedure, the FUE method makes it possible to harvest the required grafts.
- The extraction phase of the FUE technique takes longer than the extraction stage of the FUT method. Because the hair clusters are removed individually using the FUE method rather than the FUT approach.
- Experts can speed up the removal process. By utilizing a hair transplanting robot in conjunction with the FUE technique (e.g., ARTAS). The FUE technique is ideal for restoring fullness to a thinning hairline because of its precision and accuracy.
- Reduced rate of growth: The growth rate achieved with the FUE procedure is frequently less than that achieved with the FUT technique.
- Patients should shave the donor area completely bald before the hair removal begins.
ARTAS Robot – Robotic Hair Transplantation
In recent years, there has been a rise in the popularity of machine hair transplantation. One example of this is a robotic hair transplant using the ARTAS robot. Regrettably, even when employing the ARTAS robot. The donor region still needs to be shaved to guarantee that follicles can be extracted accurately. A tension grid must first be constructed for the patient. Before the ARTAS robot can begin the removal operation. This grid denotes a square removal region on the body.
Following the conclusion of this first stage of the process, the robot will extract some hair follicles. As a general guideline, the amount of hair removed from a square centimeter of the scalp should not exceed 15–20% of the total hair volume.
Immediately after the ARTAS robot has extracted the follicles, the hair transplant procedure will continue as usual. After opening the hair channels in the balding areas. The grafts are implanted in a natural direction for the hair to grow. The roots are then preserved individually in a highly concentrated nutrient solution.
- Saving time: Compared to the traditional method of manually removing grafts. The ARTAS machine can remove hair at a faster rate while preserving the same level of quality.
- Increased costs: It is not unusual for hair transplant utilizing the ARTAS machine. To be more expensive than totally manual hair transplantation. The reason for this is that the ARTAS robot performs more precise work.
Conclusion about Common Techniques in Hair Transplantation
Each approach provides a set of benefits as well as some drawbacks. Patients experiencing significant hair loss, for example, near the crown, are ideal candidates for the FUT procedure. The FUE technique is gentler on the surrounding tissue and does not result in any visible scarring. During the first session. The professional will be in the best position to evaluate your requirements and recommend the best approach to meet them.